ポリウォーター伝説再訪  STAP 細胞に想う   巻のⅣ




1960年代の後半,Nature は,Science とともに,ポリウォーターの華やかな舞台を演出しました。ポリウォーターの終焉をいち早く察知した Nature は,1971年3月5日号のNEWS AND VIEWS の欄に,冷たくも短い記事を掲載したよ。

この記事はつぎの文章ではじまります。

It now begins to seem as if the concept of polywater is on its last legs.


理論化学者のW. G. Richards の回想:

In the heady days when “polywater” was believed by many to exist and even to represent a threat to life, theoretical chemists were quick to risk their reputations and lend credence to the myth purely on the grounds of calculations. Since the bursting of the polywater bubble the work of quantum chemists on water and on solvation has been more realistic.


液相の水の構造の理解に貢献したH. S. Frank は,ポリウォーター全盛の時代,The Structure of Ordinary Water と題する地味な論文を Science (1970) に発表しているよ。この論文の脚注にはつぎのように書かれています。

The word “ordinary” is used here to distinguish the subject of this article from the “anomalous” water, sometimes now called “polywater” which has aroused so much recent attention. Whatever else may be said about this material, it seems clear that it is a very different substance from ordinary water. No more mention of it will be made in this article.


Derjaguin 自身が1970年に Scientific American に書いた総説は,つぎの文章で終わっているんだ。

But here, following the example of Scheherazade, who invariably lapsed into silence at the most interesting place in her story, it is appropriate to end in the certainly that continued investigations of the properties of liquids will lead not only to universal acceptance of the reality of water II but also to the discovery of new and even more surprising phenomena.


Derjaguin は,1000編を越える論文,著書を残して,1994年,92歳で他界しました。ロシア科学アカデミーの二人のメンバーによる追悼記事が Langmuir に掲載されています。"the glorious tradition of Russian science" を担った Derjaguin を讃えるこの記事には,ポリウォーターの記述は全くありません。




つづく

by yojiarata | 2015-01-03 21:14 | Comments(0)
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